Diseases

What Is Tuberculosis? What Are The Ways To Prevent Tuberculosis.

tuberculosis

What Is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is a contagious infection that usually attacks your lungs which can also spread to other parts of your body like your brain. The causative agent of tuberculosis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis spread through the air when a person with tuberculosis of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. If you have been exposed you should go to your doctor for tests because you are more likely to get tuberculosis if you have a weak immune system.

Before knowing the tips about the prevention of tuberculosis here are a few things you need to know about tuberculosis they are:

  • Tuberculosis is an airborne disease which affects people whose immunity is compromised like as the infant, old people, pregnant women, women who have recently delivered baby uncontrolled diabetes patients, cancer patients as well as patients living with HIV,  etc.
  • Also, if you are in close contact with people suffering from TB, you may also have a high risk of developing TB.
  • Alcoholics, people using illegal drugs and narcotics, and people who have weighed 10 % lower than the recommended body weight are also at a higher risk to develop TB.

Ways To Prevent Tuberculosis.

Avoid close contact to avoid Tuberculosis

Avoid close contact with the people who are affected by TB. If you cannot avoid contact with them then wear protective masks and gloves but if you are at a hospital then you need to wear good quality microfiltration masks. Wash your hands with a disinfectant cleaner after contact with the patient and also avoid the crowded place as well as stuffy and unhygienic places.

Enhance your immunity

Work on improving your immunity by including a diet that is rich in anti-oxidants. have at least 4-5 servings of fresh vegetables and fruits daily. If you can not eat it due to certain practical constraints then make sure you take your daily dose of multivitamins after consulting your doctor. Antioxidants help fight free radicals that are produced in the body due to any kind of disease and help in cell repair.

Keep a tab on your protein intake to avoid Tuberculosis

Include at least 2 good servings of protein in your regular diet. They are building blocks of all our cells and help in repairing the cell.

Consume a healthy, nutrient-rich meal

Do not go on a low carbohydrate diet because you need a good mix of all the elements of food to be healthy. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and fats have their place in maintaining your immune system.

Make it a habit to exercise regularly

Get your daily exercise and walk regularly for at least 45 minutes at least. The improved circulation helps in improving your immunity.

Try medication to improve your quality of life

Set aside a few minutes for daily medication which helps in reducing your daily stress as it directly has a bearing on the condition of your immune system.

Always maintain proper hygiene and sanitation

Maintain good hygiene wherever you are by washing hands with good disinfectant soap often is a very under-valued habit. These days, when your exposure to disease is at one of the highest levels then you just cannot neglect the habit.

Get your children vaccinated

As prevention is always than the cure it is wise to get your kids vaccinated with the bacillus Calmette Guerin vaccine to protect them against tuberculosis. This will ensure that antibodies against mycobacterium Tuberculosis are developed and thus the possibility of suffering from tuberculosis is low.

Adhere to medication

When people do not adhere to the prescribed medicine it gives a chance to TB bacteria to develop resistance to drugs. When these resistant bacteria are expelled into the air, they can be taken in by healthy individuals. This, in turn, leads to an increase in the number of people who are suffering from multiple drug-resistant. Hence makes sure that the prescribed course of medication is completed.

Stay away from stress To Avoid Tuberculosis

You may not be aware of the fact that being stressed out increases your risk of suffering from a wide range of health complications that includes tuberculosis. This is the reason why you should stay away from stress.

Get your daily dose of sleep

Suffering from sleepless nights is common in today’s life. However, getting your everyday dose of sleep is important to stay healthy and prevent diseases. Staying away from food that hinders your sleep as important as eating food that helps you to restore your sleep cycle.