Mental Health

What Is Schizophrenia? What Are The Causes And Symptoms?

schizophrenia

What Is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe mental disorder that alters the way of personal beliefs, acts, expresses emotions, perceives reality. Though schizophrenia is not common as other main mental illnesses, it can be the most chronic.

People with schizophrenia usually have the problem of doing well in society, at work, at school, and also in relationships. They might feel frightened and isolated and could appear to have missed touch with reality. This lifetime disease can not be corrected but can be controlled with proper treatment.

Contrary to widespread belief, schizophrenia is not a split or multiple personalities. Schizophrenia means psychosis, a type of mental illness in which a person can not tell what is the original form and what is imagined. At times people with psychotic disorders lose the sense of reality. The word may look like a jumble of thoughts, images and sounds. Their behaviour may be very unfamiliar and even shocking. An unexpected change in personality and behaviour occurs when people who have it miss touch with reality which is called a psychotic episode.

Schizophrenia is varied from person to person. Some people possess only one psychotic episode. while others have many episodes during their existence but lead relatively normal lives in between. Still, others have much more struggle functioning over time, with little improvement among full-blown psychotic episodes. Schizophrenia symptoms resemble worsening and progress in cycles known as relapses.

What Causes Schizophrenia?

The cause of schizophrenia is not known but like cancer and diabetes, schizophrenia is a true illness with a biological basis.  Researchers have uncovered a number of things that resemble to make someone more likely to get schizophrenia that involves:

  • Genetics– Schizophrenia can run in families which means a more prominent likelihood to have schizophrenia may be passed on from parents to their children.
  • Brain Abnormality–  Research has determined that the unusual brain structure in people with schizophrenia but does not belong to all people with schizophrenia. It can affect people without the condition.
  • Brain Chemistry And Circuits–  People with schizophrenia may not be ready to regulate brain chemical which is called as the neurotransmitters that regulate the certain pathways or circuits of nerve cells that affect thinking and behavior.
  • Environment– Things like viral infections, susceptibility to toxins like marijuana, or a highly stressful situation may trigger schizophrenia in people whose genes make them more likely to perceive the disease. Schizophrenia more often surfaces when the body is having hormonal and physical changes like those that occur during the teen and young grown-up years.

What Are The Symptoms Of Schizophrenia?

Positive symptoms of schizophrenia include:

1) Hallucination

These are the sensory experiences that are not understandable to others but feel perfectly real to the person who is experiencing them. Approximately 70 % of people with schizophrenia will have hallucinations. Auditory hallucinations like listening to voices or sounds that do not exist are the most common that affect more than 83% of patients, accompanied by visual ones. Other less obvious types of hallucination include the sense-of-touch ones such as feel bugs crawl on your body, olfactory and gustatory hallucinations. No concern what the type of hallucination a person with schizophrenia can not be talked out of it or proved that they are hearing or experiencing is not actually happening.

2) Delusion

Delusion is defined as the false beliefs that battle with truth, people with schizophrenia hold power to these notions despite plenty of evidence to the contrast. Delusion comes in many forms where some of the more popular ones include:

  • Delusion of persecution- The belief that someone means to do you emotional harm like thinking that your next-door neighbor is entering your home while you are relaxing in order to poison your food.
  •  Delusion of grandeur- The belief that you are an important, powerful person such as a member of nobility or a superhero with special abilities such as an ability to know the future.
  • Delusion of reference– The belief that something or someone is introducing to you when they are not. For instance, you may believe something you read in the articles refers to you or your thoughts, or that an actor talking in a movie is giving you a personal message through the screen.

3) Thought Insertion

The idea that your thoughts are not your own, rather they were placed there by an outside source.

4) Thought Broadcasting

The belief that your thought is being spread so that someone can observe or get them or the people around you can read your mind.

5) Thought disorder

This is a disorganized way of thinking where it is difficult for the changed person to keep their thought in a linear organized way. As result words and phrases are abused, overused and it is challenging for another person to understand.