Common health issue

What is Pneumonia? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Methods

Pneumonia issue

What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs that can range from mild to so severe that you have to go to the health post or hospital. However, pneumonia happens when a problem causes the air sacs in your lungs to fill with fluid or pus. It comes in different forms. And it is triggered primarily by bacteria or viruses, which are contagious, and less commonly by fungi or parasites.

What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia?

As reported by Johns Hopkins Medicine, there are more than 30 causes of pneumonia, such as bacteria, viruses, airborne irritants, and fungi. When these viruses enter the lungs, they can overcome the immune system and invade nearby lung tissues, which are very sensitive. Once infected, the air sacs in the lungs change into a fever, causing coughing, fever, chills, and breathing problems.

Talk to your health consultant if you have persistent or worsening flu-like signs. And if you have complications breathing, go to the predicament room immediately. Pneumonia can accommodate severe if left untreated.

Most people with brutal pneumonia experience higher fevers and gastrointestinal symptoms, like vomiting and diarrhea. Similarly, sweating, irregular heart rate, and a bluish tint to lips and nails are signs and symptoms of pneumonia. This problem may share most symptoms with the common cold and influenza, as well as acute bronchitis, an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes. But there are huge differences that are crucial to diagnosing and treating each.

With the common cold problem, there is no vaccine to control it. But it’s not typically critical, and symptoms are mild. On the other hand, the flu and pneumonia can have significant consequences and more severe symptoms. The flu and pneumonia are associated with a significantly higher rate of hospitalization, and even death, than the common cold.

Pneumonia in children

The symptoms of pneumonia in kids may show up differently and be more challenging to recognize than symptoms in adults. Pneumonia symptoms may vary with age, and children may not have a persistent cough and high fever. But, headache, sore throat, fatigue, and loss of appetite could signal that they are identical to a bad cold and need medical attention.

Children are at higher risk of contracting the disease because their immune systems are not fully grown. Pneumonia can quickly advance among children, infants, and those with underlying medical conditions.

Causes and risk factors

Mayo Clinic notes that adults and people older than 65 are the most sensitive to pneumonia. As reported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), you are also at greater risk for pneumonia if you have any of the following conditions:-

  • Asthma
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
  • An exhausted immune system due to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or cancer

Most people who use tobacco materials are at much greater risk for pneumonia, regardless of age, and the condition is more likely to afflict men and African Americans. People who are usually in close contact with others, such as college students and military personnel, are also more susceptible to the disease.


Your health consultant diagnoses pneumonia based on your medical history, a physical test, and specific test results. Similarly, your health consultant determines which kind of pneumonia you have found on how you became infected, what your X-ray or lung exam reveals, and which type of germ is responsible for your infection.

Firstly, your consultant will ask about any signs and symptoms you’ve been facing, any recent travel or exposure you may have had, and whether you’ve had flu or pneumonia vaccinations. During a physical test, your consultant will check your vital signs and listen to your lungs with a stethoscope. If your consultant suspects pneumonia, they may order further diagnostic tests.

Treatment and medication options

The proper pneumonia treatment depends on what caused the infection and can range from outpatient care to surgery. Few people may only need bed rest, while others may want a hospital stay. Your consultant will outline a plan specific to you, recognizing your type of pneumonia, the severity of the condition, age, and overall health. Antibiotic medications are prescribed for cases of pneumonia and do not help treat viral pneumonia.

Your consultant might prescribe an antiviral medication for viral pneumonia, but this is rare. An oral or intravenous antifungal drug will be administered for fungal pneumonia, which is more familiar in people with weakened immune systems.

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by john liam