Common health issue

What is Osteoarthritis (OA)? Symptoms, Effects, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Cure.

What is Osteoarthritis (OA)?

Osteoarthritis (OA) creates inflammation in the joint and the breakdown and normal loss of joint cartilage. As the cartilage wears down, a person feels discomfort and movement difficulty.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a familiar joint disorder. It builds in the hand, for instance, in out of 12 people over the age of 60, according to the Arthritis Foundation. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive issue, which means that signs aggravate over time.

However, there is no cure, but some treatments may support manage pain and swelling and retain a person mobile and active.


Osteoarthritis (OA) guides pain and stiffness in the joints. In the early period, a person may have no signs and symptoms. Symptoms may happen in one or severe joints, and they tend to be seen gradually.

When symptoms build, they may include:-

  • Pain and stiffness that aggravate after not flowing the joint for a while
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty flowing the affected joints
  • Warmth and tenderness in the joints
  • A loss of muscle bulk
  • A grating or crackling sound in the joint called crepitus

However, the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) may involve:-

  • Synovitis mild inflammation of the tissues around the joints
  • Harm and loss of cartilage
  • Bony development that forms around the edges of joints


Consultants do not know the major cause of osteoarthritis (OA). But it seems to build when the body is unable to manage joint tissue in the usual way. However, it often influences older people, but it may happen at any age.

Genetic factors

Some genetic factors raise the risk of building osteoarthritis (OA). When these factors are present, the situation may happen in people as young as 20 years old.

Trauma and overuse

A traumatic injury, surgery, or overuse of a joint can wear away the body’s ability to convey out routine repairs and may manage OA, eventually guiding symptoms.

However, it may take many years for osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms to be seen after an injury. Reasons for overuse or replicate injury incorporate jobs and sports that involve repetitive motion.

Risk factors

A severe risk raises the chances of building osteoarthritis (OA).

  • Sex: Osteoarthritis (OA) is severe familiar among females than males, normally after the age of 50.
  • Age: Symptoms are severe likely to be seen after the age of 40, though OA can build in younger people after an injury, normally to the knee, or as an outcome of another joint situation.
  • Obesity: Severe weight can put a strain on weight-bearing joints, raising the risk of harm.
  • Occupation: Jobs that involve repetitive motions in a particular joint raise the risk.
  • Genetic and hereditary factors: However, these may raise the risk in some people.


A consultant will query about symptoms and perform a physical test. No definitive exam can diagnose OA, but exams can show whether harm has happened and support rule out other causes.

Some exams may include:-

  • X-ray and MRI: However, these may reveal bone spurs around a joint or a constricting within a joint, recommending that cartilage is breaking down.
  • Joint fluid analysis: A consultant will use a sterile needle to remove fluid from an inflamed joint for analysis. However, this can exclude gout or an infection.
  • Blood tests: These may support exclude other situations, like rheumatoid arthritis.


While no treatment can reverse the harm of OA, some may support manage symptoms and control mobility in the influenced joints. Some interventions may include exercise, manual therapy, lifestyle modification, and medication.


Some medications may support reduce pain.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

However, this may manage pain in people with mild to average symptoms. Follow’s the consultant’s guidance as overuse can guide side effects and create interactions with other medications.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

If acetaminophen does not help, the consultant may suggest a stronger pain reliever, which may include ibuprofen, aspirin, or diclofenac.

Capsaicin cream

However, this is a topical medication that holds the active compound in chilies. It may cause a sensation of heat that can decrease levels of a substance, a chemical that responds as a pain messenger. Pain relief may take two weeks to a month to completely take effect.

Intra-articular cortisone injections

Corticosteroid injections in the joint may support the control of severe pain, swelling, and inflammation. However, these are useful, but frequent use can guide adverse effects, including joint harm and a greater risk of osteoporosis.

Physical therapy

Severe types of physical therap[ies may support, including:-

  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): A TENS unit added to the skin with electrodes. Electric currents then move from the unit through the skin and swamp the nervous system, decreasing its ability to transmit pain signals.
  • Thermotherapy: Heat and cold may support manage pain and stiffness in the joints. A person could attempt to wrap a hot water bottle or an ice pack in a towel and locating it on the influenced joint.
  • Manual therapy: However, this may involve a physical therapist taking hands-on techniques to support retain the joints flexible and supple.

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by john liam