Diseases

What Is Hepatitis? What Causes Hepatitis? What Are Its Types And Symptoms?

hepatitis

What Is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver parenchyma. Some people or animals with hepatitis have none of the symptoms, whereas others develop yellow discoloration of the skin and white of the eyes, poor appetite, vomiting, etc. Hepatitis is acute if it resolves within six months, and chronic if it lasts more sustained than 6 months. Acute hepatitis can resolve on its own, develop into chronic hepatitis, or result in acute liver failure. Chronic hepatitis may advance to scarring of the liver, liver failure, and liver cancer.

Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that happens when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue. Your liver is placed in the right upper area of your abdomen. It performs many crucial functions that affect metabolism throughout your body that involves;

  • Bile production which is necessary for digestion
  • Filtering of toxins from your body
  • Elimination of bilirubin, cholesterol, hormones, and drugs.
  • Breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
  • Activation of enzymes, which are specific proteins essential to body functions
  • A storehouse of glycogen, minerals, and vitamins A, D, E, and K
  • Synthesis of blood proteins, such as albumin
  • Synthesis of clotting factors

Treatment options differ depending on which type of hepatitis you have. You can stop some forms of hepatitis through immunizations and lifestyle precautions.

5 types Of Hepatitis

What are the different types of Hepatitis? Viral infections of the liver categorized as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A different virus is accountable for each type of virally transmitted hepatitis. Hepatitis A is always an acute, short-term disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most expected to become ongoing and chronic. Hepatitis E is normally acute but can be particularly dangerous in pregnant women.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is affected by an infection with the hepatitis A virus. This type of hepatitis is most usually transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from a person infected with hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is spread through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus. Injection drug use, having sex with an infected companion, or sharing razors with an infected person raise your risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C arises from the hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C is spread through direct contact with the infected body fluids, typically through injection drug use and sexual contact. HCV is among the most basic bloodborne viral infections.

Hepatitis D

Also named delta hepatitis, Hepatitis D is a severe liver disease caused by the hepatitis D virus. Hepatitis D virus is contracted through close contact with the infected blood. Hepatitis D is an exceptional form of hepatitis that only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus can not reproduce without the presence of hepatitis B. It is very rare among other hepatitis.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a waterborne illness caused by the hepatitis E virus. Hepatitis E is essentially seen in areas with poor sanitation and typically results from ingesting fecal matter that contaminates the water supply. This disease is rare. However, cases of hepatitis E have been recorded in the Middle East, Asia, Central America, and Africa.

Causes of Hepatitis

Alcohol and other toxins

Excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver harm and inflammation. This is sometimes related to alcoholic hepatitis. Alcohol directly damages the cells of your liver. Over time, it can produce permanent damage and lead to liver failure and cirrhosis, thickening, and scarring of the liver. Other toxic causes of hepatitis include overdosage of the medications and exposure to toxins.

Autoimmun system response

In some cases, the immune system confuses the liver as a harmful object and begins to attack it. It causes ongoing inflammation that can reach from mild to severe, often hindering liver function. It is three times more frequent in women than in men.

Common Symptoms Of Hepatitis

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis? If you have a dangerous form of hepatitis that is chronic, like hepatitis B and C, you may not have symptoms, in the beginning, Symptoms may not happen until the damage affect liver function. Signs and symptoms of acute hepatitis develop quickly. They involve:

  • Fatigue
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • dark urine
  • pale stool
  • abdominal pain
  • loss of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss
  • yellow skin and eyes, which may also be a manifestation of jaundice.

Chronic hepatitis develops gradually, so these signs and symptoms may be too complex to notice.