Common health issue

What is Fibromyalgia? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Cure


What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a familiar and chronic syndrome that creates bodily pain and mental distress. Signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia can be dementing with those of arthritis or joint inflammation. However, unlike arthritis, it has not been establishing to create joint or muscle inflammation and harm. However, it looks like a rheumatic situation, in other words, one that creates soft tissue pain or myofascial pain.

According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), all over 5 million adults aged 18 years or over in the United States feel fibromyalgia, and 80 to 90% of fibromyalgia patients are women.

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

However, some familiar symptoms may include:-

  • Widespread pain
  • Jaw pain and stiffness
  • Pain and  tiredness in the face muscles and adjacent fibrous tissues
  • Stiff joints and muscles in the morning
  • Headaches
  • Irregular sleep patterns
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Tinglings and numbness in the hands and feet
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Sensitivity to cold or hot
  • Issues with memory and concentration, called “fibro-fog”
  • Fatigue

However, the following are also viable:-

  • Issues with vision
  • Nausea
  • Pelvic and urinary issues
  • Weight pain
  • Dizziness
  • Cold or flu-like signs
  • Skin issues
  • Chest syndrome
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Breathing issues

However, signs and symptoms can look at at any time throughout a person’s life. But they are severe familiarly recorded around the age of 45 years.

Causes of Fibromyalgia

However, the major cause of fibromyalgia is invisible. However, recent decisions in the field of Rheumatology suggest that fibromyalgia is an issue with central pain filtering in the brain, where they may be a raised sensitivity or thoughts of pain to a given trigger.

There is a span of likely factors, including:-

  • A stressful, traumatic physical, or emotional incident, such as a car accident
  • Repetitive injuries
  • Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune issues, like lupus
  • Central nervous system issues
  • The way our genes manage how we process painful stimuli

Fibromyalgia may also be transmitted. Females who have a near relative with fibromyalgia have a greater risk of feeling it themselves.

Severe people with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or spinal arthritis, called ankylosing spondylitis, have a greater risk of building fibromyalgia, as do patients with some other rheumatic issues.

Diagnosis of Fibromyalgia

However, it can take some time to validate a diagnosis of fibromyalgia because the signs resemble those of other situations, like hypothyroidism. These situations severe first be ruled out before managing fibromyalgia.

However, there are no laboratory exams for the situation, and this, severe, can guide delayed or missed diagnosis. The American College of Rheumatology has developed three criteria for diagnosing fibromyalgia.

  • Pain and signs over the past week, out of 19 recognized body parts, plus levels of fatigue, unsatisfactory sleep, or cognitive issues
  • Signs that have been ongoing for at least 3 months
  • No attendance of another health issue that would explain the signs

Previously, ‘tender points’ were taken to diagnose the situation. However, these are no longer suggested to aid the management of fibromyalgia.

Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Medical support is required because fibromyalgia can be difficult to control. As it is a syndrome, each patient will feel a different set of signs, and an individual treatment option will be required. However, possible treatment may include some or all of the following:-

  • An active exercise event
  • Acupuncture
  • Psychotherapy
  • Some behavior medication therapy
  • Chiropractic care
  • Massage
  • Physical therapy
  • Low-dose, anti-depressants, although these are not an initial treatment


Drugs may be suggested to treat certain signs. However, these may include over-the-counter pain relievers. However, the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) provided a suggestion against using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to cure fibromyalgia in their updated 2016 guidelines.

Antidepressants, like duloxetine, or Cymbalta, and milnacipran, or Savella, may support manage pain. Anti-seizure drugs, like gabapentin, also called Neurontin, and pregabalin, or Lyrica, may be suggested.

However, a review has recommended that patients often prevent taking these drugs because they are not useful in managing pain or because of their adverse issues.

Patients should ask the health consultant about any other medications they are using to ignore side effects and interactions with other drugs.


A connection of aerobic exercise and resistance training, or strength training, has been connected to a decreasing in pain, tenderness, stiffness, and sleep issue in some patients.

However, if exercise is supporting signs, it is important to manage consistency to see progress. Working with a partner or personal trainer may support keeping the exercise event active.


However, some patients have felt improvements in their quality of life after beginning acupuncture therapy for fibromyalgia. The number of meetings needed will depend on the signs and their severity.

One survey found that 1 out of 5 people with fibromyalgia use acupuncture within 2 years of diagnosis. However, researchers finalized that it may build pain and stiffness. However, they call for severe studies.