Common health issue

What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Preventive Cure.


What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?

Women who swallow alcohol during the pregnancy period can give birth to babies with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, sometimes called FASDs. FASD is the umbrella term for a range of issues. However, these issues can be few or severe and can create physical and mental birth defects. Different types of FASDs may include:-

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Partial fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Alcohol-related birth faults
  • Alcohol-related neurodevelopment issue
  • Neurobehavioral issue connected with alcohol exposure

FAS is a much more form of the situation. People with FAS may have issues with their vision, hearing, memory, attention span, and abilities to sense and communicate. While the faults differ from one person to another, the harm is often permanent.

What are the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Since fetal alcohol syndrome protects a wide variety of issues, there are severe possible symptoms. However, the severity of these symptoms spans from few to severe and may include:-

  • A small head
  • A smooth ridge in the middle of the upper lip and nose, small and broad-set eyes, a very thin upper lip. Or other unusual facial features
  • Below moderate height and weight
  • Hyperactivity
  • Lack of concentration
  • Weak coordination
  • Delayed development and issues in thinking, speech, motion, and social skills
  • Weak judgment
  • Issues seeing or hearing
  • Learning disabilities
  • Intellectual disability
  • Heart disorders
  • Kidney faults and abnormalities
  • Deformed limbs or fingers
  • Mood swings

What are the causes of fetal alcohol syndrome?

When a pregnant stage woman drinks alcohol, some of that alcohol slightly moves across the placenta to the fetus. However, the body of a building fetus does not action alcohol the same way as an adult does. However, alcohol is severely focused on the fetus, and it can stop sufficient nutrition and oxygen from obtaining the fetus’s vital organs.

Harm can be done in the first few weeks of the pregnancy period when a woman might not yet know that she is pregnant. However, the risk raises if the mother is a heavy drinker.

According to the severe studies, alcohol use looks to be severely harmful throughout the first three months of pregnancy. However, accumulation of alcohol anytime during the pregnancy period can be harmful, according to guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

How is fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosed?

However, the earlier the diagnosis, the better the result. Talk to your health consultant if you think your child might have this syndrome. Let your consultant know if you drank while you were pregnant.

A physical test of the baby may show a heart murmur or other heart issues. As the baby matures, there may be other symptoms that support confirm the diagnosis. However, these may include:-

  • The slow rate of development
  • Unusual facial features or bone development
  • Hearing and vision issues
  • Slow language acquisition
  • Small head size
  • Weak coordination

To diagnose someone with FAS, the consultant must decide that they have unusual facial features, fewer than normal development, and central nervous system issues. However, these nervous system issues could be physical or behavioral. They might attend as hyperactivity, absence of coordination or concentration, or learning disabilities.

What are the treatments for fetal alcohol syndrome?

While FAS is incurable, there are possible treatments for some symptoms. The earlier to diagnosis, the severe progress can be made. Based on the signs and symptoms a child with FAS exhibits, they may require a severe consultant or specialist visits. Special education and social services can support very young children. For instance, speech consultants can work with toddlers to support them learn to talk.

At home

Children with FAS will advantageous from a stable and loving home. However, they can be even severe sensitive to obstructs in routine than a moderate child. Children with FAS are normally likely to build issues with violence and substance abuse later in life if they are revealed to violent or abuse at home. However, these children do well with a continuous routine, simple rules to follow, and honors for positive behavior.


However, there are no medications that normally treat FAS. However, many medications may face symptoms. These medications may include:-

  • Antidepressants to treat issues with sadness and negativity
  • Accumulates to treat lack of concentration, hyperactivity, and other behavioral issues
  • Neuroleptics to cure anxiety and aggression
  • Antianxiety drugs to cure anxiety


Behavioral training may also support. For instance, friendship teaching teaches kids social skills for interconnecting with their peers. Executive function teaching may build skills like self-control, reasoning, and perceptions of cause and effect. Children with FAS might also require academic support. For instance, a math tutor could support a child who fights in school.

How can I prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?

You can ignore fetal alcohol syndrome by not drinking alcohol during the pregnancy period. However, if you are a woman with a drinking issue who wants to get pregnant, look for support from a health consultant. If you are a light or social drinker, do not drink if you believe you might suit pregnant anytime soon. Remember, the effects of alcohol can build a mark throughout the first few weeks of pregnancy.