Women Health

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What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is an issue in which tissue similar to the tissue that shapes the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterine cavity. However, the lining of your uterus is known as the endometrium.

Endometriosis may occur when endometrial tissue raises on your ovaries, bowel, and tissues lining your pelvis. However, it is abnormal for endometrial tissue to increase beyond your pelvic region, but it’s not hard. Endometrial tissue rasing outside of your uterus is called an endometrial implant.

However, the hormonal changes of your menstrual period influence the misplaced endometrial tissue, creating the area to become inflamed and painful. However, this means the tissue raise, thicken, and breaks down. Over time, the tissue that has run down has nowhere to go and becomes caught in the pelvis.

However, the tissue caught in your pelvis may cause:-

  • Irritation
  • Scar formation
  • Adhesions, which ties your pelvic organs together
  • Severe pain during your menstrual cycle
  • Fertility issues

Endometriosis is a familiar gynecological situation, affecting up to 10% of women.

Endometriosis symptoms

However, the signs and symptoms of endometriosis may differ. Some women feel mild symptoms, but others can have average to much more symptoms. The severity of your pain does not show the degree or stage of the situation. However, you may have a mild form of the disease yet feel agonizing pain. It is also viable to have many forms and have very tiny discomfort. Pelvic pain is the most familiar symptom of endometriosis. You may also have the following signs or symptoms:-

  • Painful periods
  • Pain in the lower abdomen before and during the menstrual period
  • Cramps 1 or 2 weeks around menstruation
  • Huge menstrual bleeding
  • Infertility
  • Discomfort with bowel motions
  • Lower back pain that may happen at any time during your menstrual cycle

What causes endometriosis?

During a regular menstrual period, your body huts the lining of your uterus. This permits menstrual to move from your uterus through the small opening in the cervix and out through your vagina.

However, the exact cause of endometriosis is not familiar, and there are many theories regarding the cause, although no one theory has been scientifically manifested. One of the oldest theories is that endometriosis may occur due to a process known as retrograde menstruation. However, this may occur when menstrual blood passes back through your fallopian tubes into your pelvic cavity instead of departing your body through the vagina.

Others believe the situation may happen if small areas of your abdomen transformed into endometrial tissue. However, this may occur because cells in your abdomen raise from embryonic cells, which can convert shape and act like endometrial cells.

However, these dislocated endometrial cells may be on your pelvic walls and the aspects of your pelvic organs, like your bladder, ovaries, and rectum. They continue to raise, thicken, and bleed over the course of your menstrual period in reaction to the hormones of your period.

However, it is also viable for the menstrual blood to exude into the pelvic cavity through a surgical scar, like after a cesarian delivery.

Another theory is that the endometriosis cells are supplied out of the uterus through the lymphatic system. Still, another theory claims it may be due to a faulty immune system that is not damaging errant endometrial cells.

However, some believe endometriosis might begin in the fetal period with mislocated cell tissue that starts to react to the hormones of puberty. This is often known as Mullerian theory. However, the growth of endometriosis might also be connected to genetics or even environmental toxins.

Endometriosis treatment

Understandably, you want rapid relief from pain and other signs of endometriosis. However, this situation can block your life if it’s left uncured. Endometriosis has no cure treatment, but its signs can be controlled.

Medical and surgical ways are accessible to support reduce your symptoms and control any potential complications. Your consultant may first try a conservative cure. They may then suggested surgery if your situation doesn’t improve. Everyone responds differently to these treatment options. Your consultant will support you find the one that works batter for you.

However, it may be frustrating to obtain diagnosis and treatment ways early in the disease. Because of the fertility problems, pain, and fear that there is no relief, this disease can be hard to manage mentally. Consider finding a help group or educating yourself severely on the situation. However, treatment procedures may include:-

Pain medications

You can take over-the-counter pain medications like ibuprofen, but these are not useful in all cases.

Hormone therapy

Using supplemental hormones can sometimes manage pain and remove the development of endometriosis. Hormone therapy supports your body to regulate the monthly hormonal changes that advance the tissue growth that happens when you have endometriosis.

Hormonal contraceptives

However, these contraceptives reduce fertility by stopping the monthly growth and development of endometrial tissue. Birth control pills, patches, and vaginal rings can decrease or even reduce the pain in less severe endometriosis.

The medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera) injection is also useful in removing menstruation. It removes the development of endometrial implants. It manages pain and other signs. However, this may not be your first choice, because of the risk of reduced bone production, weight gain, and a raised incidence of depression in some cases.