Mental Health

What is Dyslexia? What Can Be The Causes, Sign And Symptoms and Treatment?


Do You Know What Is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty in reading due to a variety of problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they correlate to letters and words. Also called reading disability, it also affects the area of the brain that helps in processing the language.

Dyslexia is typically characterized by an unusual balance of the skill. Dyslexia is a syndrome: a collection of associated features that may vary in degree from person to person.

It is important to seek help and have a specialist who can evaluate dyslexia because if left untreated, it can have repercussions that reach beyond the classroom or in a workplace. In particular, dyslexia is associated with anxiety, anger, discouragement, as well as depression. It is very possible for the people who are diagnosed with dyslexia to perform well at school and even on the job. But children, depending on the severity of their condition, should enroll in tutoring programs or receive special kinds of education.


Brain imaging studies have shown differences in the brains of those with the other disability. These differences are found in the part of the brain that involves a variety of reading skills.

According to Dr. Davis, “Dyslexia is caused by dysfunction within a neural circuit that supports reading”. She says that this circuit involves regions in the temporal and frontal lobes in the left hemisphere of the brain. These are the areas responsible for language expression.

It is believed that it tends to run in families as it appears to be linked to certain genes that affect how the brain processes reading and language as well as risk factors in the environment.

Dyslexia Risk Factors Include:

  • A family history of dyslexia
  • low birth weight
  • exposure during pregnancy to nicotine drugs, alcohol, or infection that may alter the brain development in the fetus.

Sign And Symptoms

Sign of dyslexia can be difficult to detect before your child enters school, but some early clues may indicate a problem. Once your child reaches school age, your child’s teacher may be the first one to detective a problem.

Sign and symptoms that a child may be at high risk of dyslexia include:

  • late talking
  • learning new words slowly
  • problem remembering the letters
  • difficulty spelling
  • inability to spell out the pronunciation
  • problem remembering the sequence of things
  • difficulty memorizing
  • mispronouncing name or words
  • avoid activities that involve reading
  • difficulty learning nursery rhymes

There is not even a single test that can diagnose dyslexia. A number of factors are considered such as;

  • Educational issue
  • Homelife
  • Questionnaires
  • Testing reading and other academic skills
  • Psychological testing
  • Neurological test

What Can Be The Treatment Of Dyslexia?

There is no known way to correct the underlying brain abnormality which causes dyslexia. As it is a lifelong problem, however, early detection and evaluation help in identifying the specific needs and appropriate treatment that can improve success. This includes:

Educational Technique

Dyslexia is treated using specific educational approaches and different techniques. Psychological testing will help your own child’s teachers develop a suitable teaching program. The teacher may involve various techniques such as hearing, vision and teach to improve reading skills. Helping a child use several senses to learn.

Treatment focuses on helping your child ;

  • learn to recognize and use the smallest sounds that make up to the word.
  • understand the letters and strings of letters which represent these sound and words
  • helps in comprehending what he or she is learning
  • build a vocabulary of the recognized word

Parent Role

  • address the problem
  • encourage reading time
  • work with your child’s school

Coping And Support

i) Be supportive –

Trouble learning to read may hamper your child’s self-esteem. Encourage your child by praising his or her own strengths.

ii) Talk to your child- 

Explain to your child what dyslexia is and also tell him or her that it is not a personal failure.

iii) Limit screen time –

Limit education screening time each day and use the additional time for reading practice.

iv) Join a support group-

This group can provide useful information and emotional support that helps you to stay in contact with parents whose children face similar learning disabilities.

Individual Education Plan

Schools have a legal obligation to take steps to help children who are diagnosed with dyslexia with their learning problems. Talk to your child’s teacher about setting up a meeting to create a structured, written plan that outlines your child’s need and how the school will help him or her succeed so it is termed as an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).