Common health issue

What is Dermatitis Herpetiformis? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods.

What is Dermatitis Herpetiformis?

An itchy, blistering, burning skin rash, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a hard situation to live with. However, the rash and itching may happen on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, and buttocks. This rash likely designates gluten intolerance, which may be connecting to a severe serious underlying situation called celiac disease. However, dermatitis herpetiformis is sometimes known as Duhring’s disease or gluten rash. People who have this situation require to maintain a strict gluten-free diet.

What are the symptoms of dermatitis herpetiformis?

Dermatitis herpetiformis is one of the itchiest rashes viable. However, some familiar location of the rash may include:-

  • Elbows
  • Knees
  • Lower back
  • Hairline
  • Back of the neck
  • Shoulders
  • Buttocks
  • Scalp

The rash is normally the same size and shape on both sides of the body and often comes and moves. Before a complete outbreak of the rash, you may experience the skin in a rash area burn or itch. Bumps that seem like pimples filled with clear liquid begin to form. However, these are rapidly scratching off. The bumps cure within a few days and depart a purple mark that lasts for weeks. But new bumps regular to build as old ones cure. This process can regular for years, or it can go into repeal and then return.

While these signs and symptoms are familiarly associating with dermatitis herpetiformis, they can also be affected by other skin situations, like atopic dermatitis, irritant or allergic contact dermatitis, psoriasis, pemphigoid, or scabies.

What causes dermatitis herpetiformis?

From the sound of the name, severe people think this rash is affecting by some form of the herpes virus. However, this is not the case, as it has not a thing to do with herpes. Dermatitis herpetiformis may take place in people with celiac disease. Celiac disease (also known as celiac sprue, gluten intolerance, or gluten-sensitive enteropathy) is an autoimmune issue characterizing by intolerance to gluten. Gluten is a protein establishing in wheat, rye, and barley. Sometimes, it is also establishing in oats that have been handled in plants that handle other grains.

According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), 15 to 25% of people with celiac disease have dermatitis herpetiformis. Celiac disease may also cause abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. People with dermatitis herpetiformis normally do not have any of the intestinal symptoms. However, if they do not feel any signs, 80% or severe of people with DH still have intestinal harm, normally if they eat a diet that’s high in gluten, according to the National Foundation for Celiac Awareness (NFCA).

However, the intestinal harm and rash are due to the response of gluten proteins with a special type of antibody known as immunoglobulin A (IgA). Your body builds IgA antibodies to strike gluten proteins. When IgA antibodies strike gluten, they harm the parts of the intestines that allow you to occupy vitamins and nutrients.

However, the structure built when IgA attaches to gluten then enters the bloodstream, where they start to clog small blood vessels, normally those in the skin. White blood cells captivating these clogs. The white blood cells free a chemical known as “complement” that creates an itchy, blistery rash.

Who is at risk for dermatitis herpetiformis?

Celiac disease may influence anyone, but it tends to severe familiar n people who have another family member with celiac disease or DH.

Although severe women than men are diagnosing with celiac disease, men are severe likely to build dermatitis herpetiformis than women, according to the NIH.  The rash usually starts in your 20s or 30s, though it can begin in childhood. However, the situation severe familiarly occurs in people of European descent. It less familiarly affects people of African or Asian descent.

How is dermatitis herpetiformis diagnosed?

Dermatitis herpetiformis is better diagnosed with a skin biopsy. A consultant takes a small sample of skin and tests it under a microscope. Sometimes, a direct immunofluorescence exam is done, in which the skin around the rash is marked with a dye that will show the appearance of IgA antibody deposits. The skin biopsy can also support determine if the symptoms are affected by another skin situation.

Blood exams to examine for these antibodies in the blood may also be done. An intestinal biopsy may be executed to confirm the appearance of harm due to celiac disease.

What treatments are accessible for dermatitis herpetiformis?

However, this can be cured with an antibiotic known as dapsone. And this dapsone is strong medicine with sensitive side effects. The dose must be raised slowly over several months before it’s completely effective. Severe people see relief from taking dapsone, but side effects may include:-

  • Liver problems
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Anemia
  • Muscle weakness
  • Peripheral neuropathy

Dapsone may also have negative contacts with other medications, such as aminobenzoate potassium, clofazimine, or trimethoprim. However, other drugs that may be useful incorporate tetracycline, sulfapyridine, and some immunosuppressive drugs. These are slightly effective than dapsone.