Common health issue

What is Cystitis? Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods.

What is Cystitis?

Cystitis is a swelling or redness of the bladder. In severe cases, the cause of cystitis is a urinary tract issue (UTI). A UTI may occur when bacteria enter the bladder or urethra and start to multiply.

However, this could also occur with naturally occurring bacteria in your body that become unstable. These bacteria guide to an infection and cause inflammation. Cystitis does not every time come from an infection. For instance, certain medications and hygiene results can also cause inflammation.

Treatment for cystitis is based on its underlying cause. Severe cases of cystitis are acute or happen suddenly. Interstitial cystitis causes are chronic or permanent.


Cystitis may be either acute or interstitial. Acute cystitis is a cause of cystitis that happens suddenly. Interstitial cystitis is a chronic or permanent case of cystitis that influences multiple layers of bladder tissue.

Both acute and interstitial cystitis have a span of viable causes. The cause of cystitis decides the type. However, the following are kinds of cystitis:-

Bacterial cystitis

However, this cystitis may occur when bacteria enter your urethra or bladder and cause an infection. This can also outcome when a generally increasing number of bacteria in your body becomes imbalanced. The infections guides to cystitis, or inflammation in your bladder.

However, it is important to cure a bladder infection. If the infection increases your kidneys, it can become a sensitive health issue.

Drug-induced cystitis

Certain medications can create your bladder to become inflamed. Medicines progress through your body and eventually leaving through your urinary system. Some medications can annoy your bladder as they leaving your body. For instance, the chemotherapy drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide may create cystitis.

Radiation cystitis

Radiation therapy is useful to stop cancer cells and shrink tumors. But it can also harm healthy cells and tissues. Radiation cure in the pelvic area can create your bladder to become swollen.

Foreign body cystitis

Ongoing use of a catheter, a tube useful to ease the free of urine from the bladder, can raise your risk of bacterial infection and harm tissues in the urinary tract. Both bacteria and harmful tissues can cause inflammation.

Chemical cystitis

Certain hygiene results can annoy your bladder. Results that may cause cystitis may include:-

  • Spermicidal jellies
  • Use of a diaphragm with spermicide
  • Feminine hygiene sprays
  • Chemicals from a bubble bath

What are the symptoms of cystitis?

Cystitis symptoms may include:-

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Urge to urinate after you have emptied your bladder
  • Cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • A low fever if in combination with a UTI
  • Blood in your urine
  • Sensations of pressure or bladder fullness
  • Cramping in your abdomen or back

However, if a bladder issue increasing to your kidneys, it can become a sensitive health issue. In addition to the symptoms recorded above, symptoms of a kidney infection may include:-

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Back pain
  • Chills

Also, two additional symptoms, fever or blood in the urine, are not signs of cystitis in themselves. However, they may happen in association with the other signs of a kidney infection. See immediate medical support if you believe you have a kidney infection.

Causes of cystitis

However, the type of cystitis is based on its cause. Possible causes of cystitis may include:-

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Using certain drugs
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Ongoing use of a catheter
  • Irritating hygiene products

How is cystitis diagnosed?

However, there are a few different steps to diagnose cystitis. Your consultant may query for a urine sample to decide the cause of your cystitis and examine for a UTI. Your consultant may also execute a cystoscopy or an imaging exam to decide the cause of your symptoms.


A consultant inspects your bladder with a thin tube, with a camera and light attached in a cystoscopy. However, consultants can use the cystoscope to gather a biopsy of bladder tissue if required. A biopsy is a small tissue sample useful for further examination.

Imaging test

Imaging exams are often required, but they can be supportive in diagnosing cystitis. An X-ray or ultrasound can support rule out other causes of cystitis, like a structural issue or tumor.



Antibiotics are a familiar treatment for bacterial cystitis. Interstitial cystitis can also be cured with medication. However, medication for interstitial cystitis is based on its cause.


Surgery can cure cystitis, but it can not be the consultant’s first choice. However, it is severe familiar for chronic conditions. However, sometimes surgery can restore a structural issue.

Home care

Home care treatments can support ease discomfort. However, some common methods are:-

  • Appealing heating pads to your abdomen or back
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers, like ibuprofen and acetaminophen
  • Sitz baths to wash the pelvic area

Sometimes you can control cystitis symptoms at home without using medication. However, these should not restore antibiotics if they are required to cure a UTI.