What is Celiac Disease? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment Methods.

What is Celiac Disease?

Celiac disease, sometimes known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immune response to eating gluten, a protein set up in wheat, barley, and rye. However, if you have celiac disease, eating gluten activates an immune response in your small intestine. Over time, this response harms your small intestine’s lining and stops it from collecting some nutrients (malabsorption). However, the initial harm often causes diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating, and anemia which can guide to sensitive complications.

In children, malabsorption can impact growth and build, besides creating the symptoms seen in adults. However, there is no treatment for celiac disease, but in severe people, following a strict gluten-free diet can support control symptoms and provide intestinal healing.

Symptoms Of Celiac Disease

However, the signs and symptoms of celiac disease can vary greatly and vary in children and adults. Digestive signs and symptoms for adults may include:-

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Bloating and gas
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation

However, severely than half the adults with celiac disease have signs and symptoms unconnected to the digestive system, including:-

  • Anemia, usually from iron deficiency
  • Dropping of density (osteoporosis) or softening of the bone (osteomalacia)
  • Itchy, blistery skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis)
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Nervous system issue, including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, possible issues with balance, and cognitive impairment
  • Joint pain’
  • Decreased functioning of the spleen (hyposplenism)


However, children with celiac disease are severe likely than adults to have digestive issues, including:-

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Swollen belly
  • Constipation
  • Gas
  • Pale, foul-smelling stools

The inability to collect nutrients might result in:-

  • Failure to thrive for infants
  • Harm to teeth enamel
  • Weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Irritability
  • Short stature
  • Delayed puberty
  • Neurological signs, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities, headaches, deficiency of muscle coordination, and seizures

Dermatitis herpetiformis

Gluten intolerance can create this itchy, blistering skin disease. However, the rash usually happens on the elbows, knees, torso, scalp, and buttocks. However, this situation is often associated with substitutes to the lining of the small intestine identical to those of celiac disease. But the skin situation might not create digestive signs. Consultants treat dermatitis herpetiformis with a gluten-free diet or medication, or both, to manage the rash.

Causes Of Celiac Disease

However, your genes connected with eating foods with gluten and other factors can supply celiac disease. But the accurate cause is not known. Infant-feeding practices, gastrointestinal problems, and gut bacteria might supply, as well. Sometimes this disease becomes sporty after surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infection, or several emotional stress.

When your body’s immune system overworks to gluten in food, the reaction harms the tiny, hairlike projections (villi) that place the small intestine. Villi collect vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients products from the food you eat. However, if your villi are harmed, you can not get proper nutrients, no matter how much you eat.


Untreated, celiac disease can cause:-

  • Malnutrition: However, this may occur if your small intestine can not collect enough nutrients. Malnutrition can guide to anemia and weight loss. In children, it may cause easy growth and short stature.
  • Bone weakening: Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D can guide to a softening of the bone (osteomalacia or rickets) in children and a dropping of bone density (osteopenia or osteoporosis) in adults.
  • Infertility and miscarriage: Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D can supply reproductive issues.
  • Cancer: Severe people with celiac disease who don’t manage a gluten-free diet have a higher risk of building many forms of cancer, including intestinal lymphoma and little bowel cancer.
  • Nervous system issues: However, some people with celiac disease can build problems like seizures or a disease of the nerves to the hands and feet (peripheral neuropathy).


However, severe people with celiac disease do not know they have it. Two blood tests can support diagnose it:-

  • Serology testing: This testing seems for antibodies in your blood. Elevated levels of certain body proteins specify an immune reaction to gluten.
  • Genetic testing: This testing for human leukocyte antigens (HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8) can be useful to rule out celiac disease.

However, it is important to be tested for celiac disease before testing a gluten-free diet. Eliminating gluten from your diet might build the outcomes of blood tests seems normal.


A strict, permanent gluten-free diet is the step to control celiac disease. Besides wheat, foods that hold gluten include:-

  • Barley
  • Bulgur
  • Durum
  • Farina
  • Graham flour
  • Malt
  • Rye
  • Semolina
  • Spelled (a form of wheat)
  • Triticale

However, a dietitian who works with people with celiac disease can support you plan a healthy gluten-free diet. Even trace amounts of gluten in your diet can be harmful, even if they don’t cause signs or symptoms.

Gluten can be hidden in foods, medications, and nonfood materials, including:-

  • Improved food starch, preservatives, and food stabilizers
  • Prescription and over-the-counter medications
  • Vitamin and mineral supplements
  • Herbal and nutritional supplements
  • Lipstick products
  • Toothpaste and mouthwash
  • Envelope and stamp glue
  • Playdough

Stopping gluten from your diet will gradually decrease inflammation in your small intestine, causing you to feel excellent and eventually heal.

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by john liam