Common health issue

Bunion Surgery: Procedure, Risks, Benefits, and Recovery.

What is Bunion Surgery?

Bunion surgery, sometimes known as a bunionectomy, is a treatment for accurate bunions. However, there are a few kinds of bunion surgery. Severe of them involve repositioning the big toe to relieve pain and build function.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is a bony bump on the side of the large toe joint. However, these bony bumps grow on the outside edge of the foot. You can look them at the part of the joint where the toe encounters the foot, called the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint.

What are the types of bunion surgery?

However, your consultant may use a few different techniques during your bunion surgery, including:-

  • Exostectomy: During this period, your consultant shaves off the bunion. Often, medical professionals combine this approach with an osteotomy to reposition the toe. However, this approach is rarely done and in only the high minor bunions.
  • Osteotomy: Your consultant makes a few small incisions in the bones. Then the consultant uses screws or pins to realign your large toe joint. However, this is the most familiar performing procedure for bunions.
  • Arthrodesis: Sometimes, arthritis inflammation can conduct to bunions. In arthrodesis joint fusion, your consultant stops any parts of the large toe joint that have arthritis. However, your consultant then places screws in the large toe joint to catch the bones together while they heal. This therapy is done with the most severe of bunions.

Who requires to have bunion surgery?

Usually, you only require then places screws in the toe to hold the bones together while they heal. However, you may be a person for bunion shifting if you have:-

  • Large toe that drifts toward the smaller toes.
  • Hallux Rigidus, or a stiff large toe.
  • Pain that affects your daily activities.
  • Swelling and inflammation in the large toe that doesn’t go away.

What happens when bunion surgery?

Before surgery, you and your consultant will discuss your health, activity levels, and any other factors that could affect your recovery. Your consultant will use this information to select the best kind of surgery for you. Your medical professionals will ask you to arrive one to two hours early on the day of your appointment. Typically, consultants perform bunion surgery with local anesthesia (numbing agent around the toe) in addition to a light monitored anesthesia that will keep you comfortable during the procedure. Typically, intubation (breathing tube) and heavy anesthesia are not required for this kind of procedure.

What happens during bunion surgery?

For severe bunion surgeries, your consultant makes a small incision along your big toe joint. Then your consultant repositions your big toe. Your consultant may also realign the tendons or ligaments around your large toe joint. Usually, your consultant sites your toe in place using:-

  • Metal plates
  • Small screws
  • Wires

However, your consultant places stitches and bandages on your toe to support the area to heal properly. The overall process can take anywhere from 45 min to 3 hours depending on the gravity of the bunion and what needs to be carried out to correct it.

What happens after bunion surgery?

After surgery, you will wait in the recuperation room for one to two hours until your consultant determines you are safe to leave. You will have to query someone to drive you home. During your recuperation at home, your medical professional will instruct you to:-

  • Avoid putting weight on your large toe.
  • Raise your foot to reduce swelling.
  • Keep your wound and bandages dry.

During the first two weeks behind surgery, you may require to ask someone to support you prepare meals or do household chores.

What are the advantages of bunion surgery?

Severe people who have surgery for a bunion feel significant pain relief when they recover. The surgery also increases large toe alignment. Increasing your large toe alignment can help you walk more easily.

What are the risk or complications of bunion surgery?

The possible complications associated with bunion surgery include:-

  • Bunion recurrence
  • Ongoing pain or stiffness
  • Infection or inflammation
  • Never effect
  • Wound-healing issues

However, your consultant will discuss the risks of bunion surgery with you. Bunion surgery risks are rare and usually calm to treat. If you do feel any risks, your retrieval may take longer than expected.

What is the recovery time?

Usually, you will get your spasms out about two weeks after surgery. However, it grips about six to 12 weeks for your bones to heal. You will probably have to wear a protective shoe or boot.

During this period, you will not be able to put all of your weight on your foot. To move restfully, you may require to use crutches, a scooter, or a walker. Weight-bearing will turn on what kind of procedure is being done to correct your bunion.

After 6 to 12 weeks, you will begin to regain foot function. Specific physical therapy activities support restoring your foot’s strength and range of motion. You can resume your exercises after about three months.

When should I see my healthcare provider about a bunion?

Talk to a medical professional if your bunion causes pain or interferes with walking. Bunion surgery can support painful bunions to become more active again.