Common health issue

What is Bulimia? Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Diagnosis Methods

What is Bulimia?

It is psychological eating chaos in which you have incidents of binge eating (consuming a large quantity of food in one sitting). During these bings, You have no sense of preventing over your eating. Afterward, you try unsuitable ways to lose weight, including:-

  • Vomiting
  • Fasting
  • Enemas
  • Severe use of laxatives and diuretics
  • Compulsive activities

However, it is also known as bulimia nervosa, which tends to begin in late childhood or early adulthood. You typically binge and purge in secret. You experience disgusting and purge in secret. However, people with bulimia usually weigh within the general range for their age and height. But, they may fear acquiring weight, want to lose weight, and experience dissatisfaction with their bodies.

Causes and risk factors

We do not know the actual cause of bulimia. But some studies suggest that a mixture of certain personality traits, emotions, and thinking patterns, as well as biological and environmental factors, might be answerable.

However, this research believes that this eating problem may start with dissatisfaction with your body and extreme concern with your size and shape. Usually, you have low self-esteem and the terror of becoming overweight. However, the fact that bulimia tends to run in families also proposes that you might inherit a risk for the disorder. Other risk factors may include:-

  • Being female
  • Depression and anxiety problems
  • Traumatic incidents
  • Stress
  • Frequent dieting

Bulimia symptoms

However, severe people may have different symptoms of bulimia. You may recognize changes in both your body and your behavior. However, physical signs of bulimia may include:-

  • Dental issues
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen glands in your neck and face part
  • Heartburn, indigestion, and bloating
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Weakness, exhaustion, bloodshot eyes
  • Gaining and losing bodyweight often. Your weight is in the normal range, but you may be overweight.
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Feeling cold all the time
  • Sleep problems
  • Dry skin and dry and brittle nails

However, behavioral symptoms of bulimia can include:-

  • Eating disorders, followed by purging
  • Hoarding or stealing foods
  • Food rituals, such as eating an only particular food, chewing more than necessary, or not allowing foods to touch
  • Skipping meals or eating only small pieces during meals
  • Feeling out of control
  • Vomiting or abusing laxatives or diuretics to take to lose weight
  • Using the restroom frequently after meals
  • Severe exercising
  • Pre-occupation with bodyweight
  • Depression and mood swings
  • Drinking large portions of water or calorie-free beverages

However, call a health consultant if you or a family member has an unhealthy weight and appears overly interested in food. Similarly, the sooner you are treated, the better your possibility for successful results.

Bulimia complications

However, there are some complications of bulimia. These may include:-

  • Erosion of tooth because of recurrent exposure to stomach acid
  • Dental cavities
  • Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold food
  • Swelling and soreness in your salivary glands
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Ruptures of your stomach
  • Disruption of your poop behaviors
  • Dehydration
  • Irregular heart issue
  • Heart attack
  • Lower sex drive
  • Severe risk of suicidal behavior
  • Self-harm, like cutting yourself
  • Alcohol or drug misuse
  • Gastroparesis, in which your stomach uses too long to digest food

Bulimia diagnosis

However, suppose your health consultant thinks you might have bulimia. In that case, they’ll probably query you about your eating behaviors, if you have lost or gained weight, and whether you have any physical signs and symptoms. They can also:-

  • Give you a whole physical
  • Do blood and pea exams
  • Give you an EKG to see if you have heart issues resulting from bulimia
  • Do a psychological test that includes questions about your body image.

However, you may also have some other exams to rule out medical causes for weight loss or gain.

Bulimia treatment and home remedies.

Ants. Your cure may include counseling and medications. Often, it may involve a team of medical, nutritional, and mental health consults; however, to cure bulimia, your consultant will consider your physical and psychological needs. However, they will try to support you restore your health and healthy eating patterns.

Medical cures

  • Medication: However, the antidepressant fluoxetine is FDA acceptetreatingent for bulimia. Sometimes, health consultants may recommend other antidepressants or different kinds of medicines.
  • Hospitalization: However, in severe cases of bulimia, you might be cured in a hospital for a short time. However, most eating problem programs offer outpatient cures.


      • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
      • Family-based treatment (FBT)
      • Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)