What is breast cancer?
Breast cancer is a disease that is the most common in women’s health. There are different types of breast cancer. These different types of breast cancer depend on which cells in the breast turn into cancer. However, breast cancer starts when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally. Breast cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass.
Invasive ductal carcinoma (breast cancer), also called infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is cancer that began growing in a milk duct and has invaded the breast’s fibrous or fatty tissue of the breast outside of the duct. Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), is the most common form of breast cancer, that representing about 80% of all breast cancer diagnoses.
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
Breast cancer can have different signs and symptoms for different people. Most don’t notice any signs and symptoms at all. A lump is the most common sign of breast cancer in your breast or armpit. Other symptoms may include skin changes, pain, a nipple that pulls inward, and unusual discharge from your nipple.
Warning signs and symptoms of breast cancer
The most common signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:-
- A lump in your breast or underarm: This is often the first sign of breast cancer. Your medical professional can usually see a lump on a mammogram long before you can see or feel it.
- Swelling your armpit or near your collarbone: This is often the second sign of breast cancer. This point indicates that breast cancer has spread to lymph nodes in that area. Instantly, swelling may start before you feel a lump, so let the know your medical consultant if you notice it.
- Pain and tenderness: Although, lumps don’t usually hurt. This may cause a prickly feeling.
- A flat or indented area on your breast: This problem could happen because of a timer that you can’t see or feel.
- Breast changes: Some changes in the breast such as differences in the size, contour, texture, or temperature of your breast.
- Changes in your nipples: These changes are pulled inward, burns, itches, etc.
- Unusual nipple discharge: Unusual nipple could be clear, bloody, or another color.
Causes of breast cancer
However, these breast cells can divide more rapidly than healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. These cells may spread through your breast to your lymph nodes or other parts of your body.
Breast cancer problem most often begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma “IDC”). In the same kind, breast cancer may also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules (invasive lobular carcinoma) or in other cells or tissue within the breast.
Most researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental factors that may increase your risk of breast cancer. But, one point is not clear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do.
Breast cancer risk reduction for women with a low risk
- Ask your health consultant about breast cancer screening
- Become familiar with your breasts by occasionally inspecting through breast self-exam for breast awareness
- Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all
- Exercise most days of the week
- Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Choose a healthy diet, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts.
Breast cancer risk reduction for women with a high risk
- Preventive medications (chemo-prevention): Preventive medications start with estrogen-blocking medications, such as selective estrogen receptor modulators and aromatase inhibitors, reduce breast cancer risk in women with a high risk of the disease.
- Preventive surgery: Many women with a very high risk of breast cancer may choose to have their healthy breasts surgically removed (prophylactic mastectomy).