Common health issue

What is Bone Cancer? Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment methods

What is Bone Cancer?

Bone cancer may occur when a tumor, or abnormal mass of tissue, manifests in a bone. A tumor may be malignant, which means its growing antagonistically and spreading to other sites of the body. However, a tumor is often mentioned as cancerous. Cancer that starts in the bones is rare.

Types of bone cancer

First-stage bone cancers are the most serious of all bone cancers. However, they shape directly in the bones or surrounding tissue, like cartilage. However, this is called secondary bone cancer, and this type is more familiar than primary bone cancer. Common kinds of first stage bone cancers may include:-

Multiple myeloma (MM)

However, it is the most familiar type of bone cancer. It may occur when cancer cells shape in the bone marrow and cause tumors in various bones. Multiple myeloma usually affects older adults age people.

Among bone cancers, multiple myeloma has one of the useful prognoses, and most people who have it do not need treatment cure.

Osteosarcoma (Osteogenic sarcoma)

However, it normally affects children and adolescents, but it can also occur in adults. Similarly, it has the power to establish at the tips of the long bones in the arms and legs. However, it may also begin in the hips, shoulders, or other locations. Osteosarcoma affects the hard tissue that gives the outer layer of your bones.


However, it occurs in the pelvis, thigh areas, and shoulders of older adults age people. Chondrosarcoma forms in the subchondral tissue, which is the tough connective tissue in the middle of your bones. This is the second most familiar stage first cancer involving the bones.

What are the symptoms of bone cancer?

However, the possible symptoms of bone cancer may include:-

  • Pain and swelling in the affected bone
  • Feeling tired and fatigued

Less common symptoms may include:-

  • Easily broken bones
  • Weight loss

What causes bone cancer?

However, the cause of bone cancer is not exactly familiar, but certain factors may provide to or improve a person’s chances of forming abnormal growths in the bone. These may include:-

Abnormal cellular growth

Healthy and younger cells continually divide and replace older cells. After fulfilling this process they die. However, they begin forming masses of tissue that turn into tumors.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy, which destroys dangerous cancerous cells, can be used to treat bone cancer. However, osteosarcoma may form in some people who accept the treatment cure. The use of severe doses of radiation may be a factor in this growth.

Who is at risk for bone cancer?

However, the following may be possible risk factors for bone cancer:-

  • A family history of cancer, especially bone cancer
  • Having accept radiation treatment or therapy in the past period
  • Having Paget’s problem, which is a situation that causes the bones to break down and then grow up abnormally
  • Previously having had several tumors in the cartilage, which is the connective tissue in the bone

Diagnosing bone cancer

Health consultants classify primary bone cancer in different stages. These stages may describe where the cancer is, what it’s doing, and how much it has affected other parts of the body.

  • Bone cancer has not opened out from the bone
  • Bone cancer has not unrolled but may become invasive, making it a threat to other tissue
  • This cancer has unrolled to one or more areas of the bone and is invasive.
  • This cancer has unrolled to the tissues surrounding the bone and to other organs

Your consultant may use the following process to determine the stage of cancers in the bones:-

  • A biopsy, which inspects a small sample of tissue to diagnose cancer
  • A bone scan, which analyzes the condition of the bones
  • Blood test
  • Imaging testing that may include x-ray, as well as MRI and CT, scans to get in-depth views of the bones’ structure

Treating bone cancer

Treatment depends on:-

  • The stage of cancer
  • Your age
  • Your overall health condition
  • The size and location of the tumor


Some medications that treat bone cancer may include:-

  • Chemotherapy for several myelomas
  • Pain medications to relieve inflammation and discomfort
  • Bisphosphonates to support  prevent bone loss and protect a bone structure
  • Cytotoxic drugs to prevent or stop the growth of cancerous cells

Radiation therapy

However, your health consultant may recommend radiation therapy to kill the cancer cells.


However, your consultant may surgically remove tumors or affected tissue. Surgery to draw off and replace harmful bone is an option to stop cancers that spread quickly. For extensive bone harm in the arms or legs, amputation may be required.

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by john liam