Common health issue

What is Blood Poisoning? Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Methods.

What is Blood Poisoning?

Blood Poisoning is a serious health infection. However, it may occur when bacteria are in the bloodstream. Although not a clinical term, “blood poisoning” is taken to describe bacteremia, septicemia, or sepsis.

Still, the name sounds dangerous, and for a better reason. Sepsis is a sensitive, potentially fatal problem. Blood poisoning can advance to sepsis rapidly. Prompt diagnosis and treatment care are crucial for treating blood poisoning, but understanding your hazard factors is the first step in stopping the condition.

What causes blood poisoning?

However, it may occur when bacteria causing infection in another area of your body enter your bloodstream. The attendance of bacteria in the blood is referred to as bacteremia or septicemia. The medical term “septicemia” and “sepsis” are often used interchangeably, though technically they are not fully the same. Septicemia, the state of having bacteria in the blood, can lead to sepsis. However, sepsis is a more and often life-threatening state of infection if it’s left unmanaged.

Such infections most familiarly occur in the lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract. Sepsis may happen more often in people, who are hospitalized, where the risk of infection is already greater. Because blood poisoning occurs when bacteria enter your bloodstream in conjunction with another infection, you will not build sepsis without having an infection first.

Some familiar causes of infections that can cause sepsis include:-

  • Abdominal pain
  • An infected insect bite
  • Central line infection, like from a dialysis catheter or chemotherapy catheter
  • Dental descents or infected teeth
  • Highly exposure of a covering wound to bacteria during surgical recovery, or not substituting a surgical bandage frequently enough
  • Highly exposure of any open wound to the environment
  • Problem by drug-resistant bacteria
  • Kidney or urinary tract infection
  • Pneumonia
  • Skin disorders

Who is at risk for blood poisoning?

Some people are severally susceptible than others to sepsis. Those people who are more at risk may include:-

  • People with a poor immune system, like those with HIV, AIDS, or leukemia
  • Young children
  • Older adults
  • People who use intravenous drugs like heroin
  • People with weak dental hygiene
  • Those people who use a catheter
  • Some people who have had recent surgery or dental work
  • Those working in an environment with high exposure to bacteria or viruses, like in a hospital or outdoors

Knowing the symptoms of blood poisoning

However, the symptoms of blood poisoning may include:-

  • Chills
  • Moderate or high fever
  • Weakness
  • Rapid breathing
  • Raised heart rate or palpitations
  • Paleness of the skin especially, in the face part

However, some of these symptoms are associating with the flu and other illness. However, if you have had a recent surgery or you’re improving from a wound, it is more important that you call your consultant immediately after experiencing these possible signs of blood poisoning.

Modern symptoms of blood poisoning may be life-threatening and include:-

  • Confusion
  •  Red spot on the skin that may increase larger and look like a big, purple bruise
  • Shock
  • Little to no urine production
  • Organ failure

However, this may lead to respiratory distress problems and septic shock. If the situation is not treating right away, these complications can lead to death.


However, it is complicating to self-diagnose poisoning because its symptoms mimic those of other situations. However, the best step to determine if you have septicemia is to see a health consultant. First, your consultant will perform a physical test, which will include examining your temperature and blood pressure.

However, if blood poisoning is suspecting, your consultant will run exams to look for signs of bacterial infection. Septicemia can be deduced with these tests:-

  • Blood testing
  • Blood oxygen levels
  • Clotting factor
  • Urine exam including urine culture
  • Chest x-ray
  • Electrolyte and kidney function exam

Also, your consultant might see your problems with liver or kidney function, as well as imbalances in electrolyte levels. However, if you have a skin wound, your consultant may take a sample of any fluids leaking from it to examine for bacteria.

Treatment methods

Treatment of blood poisoning is crucial because the infection can quickly increase to tissues or your heart valves. Once you are diagnosed with blood poisoning, you will likely collect treatment as an inpatient at a hospital. However, if you are seen with symptoms of shock, you will be admitted to the intensive care unit. Signs of shock include:-

  • Paleness
  • Rapid, poor pulse
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Low pressure

However, you may also gain oxygen and fluids intravenously to support maintain healthy pressure and get rid of the infection. Blood clots are another trouble in immobilized patients.

Sepsis is usually treating with hydration, often through an intravenous line. Sometimes medication may require to be useful to temporarily help low blood pressure. However, these medications are familiar with vasopressors.