Common health issue

What is Bladder Cancer? Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosing, and Treatment Methods.

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder Cancer may occur in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ in the body that grasp urine. According to the National Institute of Health, about 45,000 men and 17,000 women every year are diagnosing with the disease.


However, there are three kinds of bladder cancer, may include:-

Transitional cell carcinoma

It is the most familiar type of bladder cancer. However, it starts in the transitional cells in the inner layer of the bladder. However, these cells are cells that substitute shape without becoming damaged when the tissue is stretched.

Squamous cell carcinoma

However, it is rare cancer in the United States. It starts when thin, flat squamous cells build in the bladder after long-term infection or irritation.


Also, it is rare cancer in the United States. It may start when glandular cells build in the bladder after long-term bladder irritation and inflammation. Glandular cells are what build up the mucus-secreting glands in the body.

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

Severe people with bladder cancer can have blood in their urine but no pain while urinating. However, several symptoms might indicate bladder cancer, such as fatigue, weight loss, and bone tenderness. You should pay particular notice to the following symptoms:-

  • Blood in the urine
  • Painful urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Urgent urination
  • Urinary disorder
  • Severe pain in the abdominal part
  • Severe pain in the lower back

What causes bladder cancer?

However, the exact cause of bladder cancer is undisclosed. It may occur when abnormal cells increase and multiply quickly and uncontrollably and invade other tissues.

Who is at risk for bladder cancer?

Smoking raises your bladder cancer. Tobacco product causes half f all bladder cancers in men and women. However, the following factors also raise your risk of building bladder cancer:-

  • Exposure to cancer-causing chemical substances
  • Chronic bladder disorders
  • Low fluid consumption
  • Being male
  • Being older, sine the seniority of bladder cancers occur in people over the age of 55
  • Eating a high-fat diet
  • Having a family history of carcinoma
  • Having past treatment with a chemotherapy drug known as Cytoxan
  • Past radiation therapy to cure cancer in the pelvic area


However, your health consultant may diagnose bladder cancer using one or more of the following methods:-

  • A urinalysis
  • An internal test, which involves your consultant inserting glove fingers into your vagina or rectum to experience lumps that may indicate a cancerous growth
  • A cystoscopy, which involves your consultant inserting a narrow tube that has a small camera on it through your urethra to look inside your bladder
  • A biopsy, in which your consultant inserts a small tool through your urethra and takes a small test of tissue from your bladder to examine for cancer
  • A CT scan to see the bladder
  • An intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • X-rays

However, your consultant can rate bladder cancer with a staging system, that goes from stages 0 to 4 to identify how far cancer has increased. However, the different stages of bladder cancer mean the following:-

  • Bladder cancer has not spread previous the lining of the bladder
  • This cancer has spread previous to the lining of the bladder, but it hasn’t reached the layer of muscle in the bladder
  • That has spread to the layer of muscle in the bladder
  • That has spread into the tissues that surround the bladder
  • Bladder cancer has spread previous the bladder to the neighboring areas of the body.

Treatment methods

However, your consultant will work with you to decide what cure to provide based on the kind and stage of your bladder cancer, your symptoms, and your overall health.

Treatment for stage 0 and stage 1

However, therapy for stage 0 and stage 1 bladder cancer may insert surgery to stop the tumor from the bladder, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy, which may involve taking a medication that causes your immune system to attack the cancer cells.

Treatment for stage 2 and stage 3

However, therapy for stage 2 and 3 bladder cancer may include:-

  • Shifting of part of the bladder in addition to chemotherapy
  • Shifting of the whole bladder, which is a radical cystectomy, can be followed by surgery to create a new way for urine to exit the body

Treatment for stage 4 cancer

Treatment for stage 4 bladder cancer may include:-

  • Chemotherapy without surgery to replace symptoms and extend the life
  • Radical cystectomy and shifting of the surrounding lymph nodes can be followed by surgery to create a new way for urine to exit the body
  • Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy after surgery to stop remaining cancer cells or to relieve symptoms and extend the life