Women Health

What is Bacterial Vaginosis? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Methods.

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

It is also, called vaginal bacteriosis, is the most familiar cause of vaginal infection for women of childbearing age. However, it frequently builds after sexual intercourse with a new partner, and it is sparse for a woman to have.

Bacterial vaginosis also raises the risk of increasing a sexually transmitted infection (STI). However, bacterial vaginosis is not examined as an STI. It is the vaginal infection most probably to impact women between the ages of 15 and 44 years.


Bacterial vaginosis may be attending without any symptoms. But if symptoms may occur, they may include vaginal discharge, burning, and itching issues. However, vaginal discharge can:-

  • Be watery and thin
  • Be gray or white in color
  • Having a powerful and unpleasant smell, often described as fishy

Less familiarly, there can be:-

  • A burning sensation during urination time
  • Itching around the outside of the vagina

Between 50 and 75% of women with bacterial vaginosis have no symptoms. However, it is not considered damaging, but complications can arise.


Some complications that have been connecting to bacterial vaginosis include a greater risk of:-

  • HIV infection, as BV raises susceptibility to the virus
  • STIs, like the herpes simplex virus, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and human papilloma virus
  • Post-surgical infection, for instance, after a termination or a hysterectomy

Possible complications of BV during the pregnancy period may include:-

  • Early, or preterm, delivery
  • Loss of pregnancy
  • The amniotic sac breaking open too untimely
  • Postpartum endometritis, an irritation or inflammation f the lining of the uterus behind the delivery
  • Chorioamnionitis an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the fetus, called the chorion and the amnion

Significantly, chorioamnionitis raises the chance of an early delivery. If the newborn lives, they have a greater risk of cerebral palsy. Similarly, bacterial vaginosis also raises the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infection, and inflammation of the upper female genital tract that can have more consequences, like infertility.


Bacterial vaginosis is affected by an imbalance of naturally occurring bacterial flora, the usual bacteria found in a woman’s vagina. However, it is dissimilar from candidiasis yeast infection, or Trichomonas Vaginalis (T. Vaginalis), or trichomoniasis, also called trich. These are not affected by bacteria.

The role of bacteria

All areas of the body have bacteria, but some are advantageous while others are harmful. Where there several harmful bacteria, problems can increase. The vagina may contain mostly “good” bacteria and some harmful bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis may occur when the harmful bacteria grow in numbers.

A vagina should contain bacteria known as lactobacilli. However, these bacteria build lactic acid, making the vagina slightly acidic. This controls other bacteria from increasing there.

Risk factors

Any woman can build BV, but some habitats or activities can raise the risk. These may include:-

  • Douching, or using water or a medicated solution to clean the vagina
  • Having a bath with antiseptic liquids
  • Having multiple sex partners
  • Severe use of perfumed bubble baths, vaginal deodorants, and some scented soaps
  • Smoking
  • Washing underwear with hard detergents

Bacterial vaginosis cannot be grab from toilet seats, bedding, swimming pools, or touching objects.


Bacterial vaginosis cleans up without proper treatment, but women with signs and symptoms should look for treatment to avoid complications. However, treatment may not be required if there are no symptoms. Sometimes bacterial vaginosis can seem and disappear for no apparent reason.

However, if there s an abnormal vaginal discharge, it is more important to see a health consultant as soon as possible. A consultant may diagnose bacterial vaginosis and rule out other infections, like gonorrhea or trich.

Some consultants suggest giving bacterial vaginosis treatment to all women who will be faced with a hysterectomy or termination before the procedure, regardless of symptoms. However, male partners do not usually require treatment, but they can raise bacterial vaginosis between female sex partners.

Antibiotic medication

Antibiotics are more useful in up to 90% of cases, but bacterial vaginosis comes back again within a few weeks.

  • Metronidazole: It is the most familiar antibiotic for BV. However, it is available in different forms, including tablets, a single tablet, and gels.
  • Clindamycin: However, it is an alternative antibiotic. It is more useful if metronidazole is not effective or if the infection recurs.
  • Tinidazole: However, it is another antibiotic that is sometimes useful to treat BV if metronidazole does not work properly or if BV recurs.

Last Updated on October 9, 2023 by anup