Common health issue

What is a Dental Abscess? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies.

What is a Dental Abscess?

A dental abscess or tooth abscess is a development of pus that generates inside the teeth or gums. However, the abscess comes from a bacterial infection, often one that has collected in the soft pulp of the tooth.

Bacteria live in plaque, a by-product of food, saliva, and bacteria in the mouth, which twig to the teeth and harms them and the gums. However, if the plaque is not stopped by regular and proper brushing and flossing, the bacteria may increase inside the soft tissue of the tooth or gums. This can finally outcome in an abscess.

Types Of Dental Abscess

However, there are three kinds of dental abscess:-

  • Gingival abscess: The abscess is only in the gum tissue and doesn’t influence the tooth or the periodontal ligament.
  • Periodontal abscess: However, this abscess begins in the helping bone tissue structures of the teeth.
  • Periapical abscess: However, this abscess starts in the soft pulp of the tooth.

Symptoms Of Dental Abscess

However, some signs and symptoms of a dental abscess may include:-

  • Pain in the caused area when biting or when touching the caused area
  • Sensitivity to cold or hot food and liquids
  • A foul taste in the mouth
  • Fever
  • A normally unwell feeling
  • Troubles opening the mouth
  • Swallowing troubles
  • Insomnia

However, the major sign of dental abscess is pain. This may be hammering pain and is often intense. The pain normally begins suddenly and becomes severe intense over the following hours or days. In some cases, the pain may emit to the ear, jawbone, and neck.

Causes Of Dental Abscess

In severe cases, a dental abscess is a complication of a dental infection. Bacteria, often bacteria available in a plaque, infect and make their way into a tooth.

Periapical abscess

Bacteria enter the tooth by way of tiny holes affected by tooth decay. Or caries that build in the hard outer layer of the tooth. Caries eventually give out the softer layer of tissue under the enamel, known as dentin. However, if the decay regular, the tiny hole will finally prick the soft inner pulp of the tooth and become contaminated.

However, this is called pulpitis. As the pulpitis progresses, the bacteria build their way to the bone that surrounds and helps the tooth, known as the alveolar bone, and a periapical abscess is built.

Periodontal abscess

When bacteria that are available in plaque infect the gums, the patient has periodontitis. The gums become puffed up, which can build the tissue surrounding the root of the tooth distinct from the base of the tooth.

A periodontal pocket, a tiny gap, is built when the periodontal ligament distinct from the root. However, the pocket obtains dirty easily and is very difficult to retain clean. As bacteria develop in the periodontal pocket, a periodontal abscess is built.

The patient can build periodontal abscesses as an outcome of a dental procedure which accidentally outcomes in periodontal pockets. Also, the use of antibiotics is uncured periodontitis, which can hide the symptoms of an abscess, can outcome in a periodontal abscess.


Any person with signs connected to a dental abscess should look for a dentist immediately. Dental abscesses are simply cured by a qualified dentist.  People who have swallow and breathing issues should go directly to the emergency department of their local hospital.

However, if you can not obtain a dentist immediately, visit a family consultant. A consultant can not cure an abscess. But they may authorize medication and suggest self-care and pain management and are also likely to know the fastest step of obtaining emergency treatment if needed.

Incision: The abscess requires to be cut out and the pus, which holds bacteria, drained away. The health consultant will manage a local anesthetic.

Treating a periapical abscess: Root can cure will be useful to stop the abscess. A drill is a useful drill hole into the expired tooth so that the pus can come out. Any harmed tissue will be stoping from the pulp.


People with a periapical abscess and a recurring issue may require to have diseased tissue surgically stoped. However, this will be done by an oral consultant. Those with a periodontal abscess and a recurring issue may have to have their gum tissue developed and the periodontal pocket stoped. This procedure will be executed by an oral surgeon.

Home remedies

However, there are some actions you can use at home to decrease the pain.

  • Ignore food and drink that is either too hot or too cold.
  • Chewing on the side of your mouth without an abscess will most likely be less painful.
  • Do not floss around the caused area
  • Use a very soft toothbrush

Some home remedies can support build a person severely comfortable while they wait for treatment. However, it is more important to visit a medical consultant for treatment to ignore any of the complications of a dental abscess.

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by john liam