Common health issue

What are Hemorrhoids? Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention Cure.

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are swollen veins in the bottom part of the anus and rectum. When the walls of these vessels are extended, they become irritated.

Although hemorrhoids can be unpleasant and hurting, they are normally cured and very preventable. As hemorrhoids normally get poor over time, consultants suggest that they should be cured as soon as they seek.


Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external.

Internal hemorrhoids

However, these are deep inside the rectum and not recognizable from the outside. They are generally painless. Often, the initial sign that internal hemorrhoids are attending is rectal bleeding.

Straining can sometimes press the internal hemorrhoid so that it projects through the anus. However, this is known as a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid and can be hurting.

External hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids are under the skin around the anus and are therefore recognizable. Because there are severe sensible nerves in this part of the body, they are generally severely hurting. Straining when flowing a stool may create them to bleed.


Some signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids often may include:-

  • Painless bleeding
  • Itching or irritation in the anal area
  • Hurting, pain, or soreness in the same area
  • Lumps and swelling in the anal region
  • Leaking feces

Signs and symptoms can be unpleasant or alarming, but they are normally not a cause for concern.


Enlargement of the veins around the anus creates hemorrhoids. However, they may happen for the following reasons:-

  • Pregnancy: However, they may happen severely familiarly in pregnant women. Because as the uterus enlarges, it thumbs the vein in the colon, creating it to bulge.
  • Aging: Hemorrhoids are severe familiar among adults aged 45 to 65 years. However, this does not mean that young people and children do not obtain them.
  • Diarrhea: Hemorrhoids may happen after cases of chronic diarrhea.
  • Chronic constipation: Straining to flow stool puts additional force on the walls of the blood vessels.
  • Sitting for too long: Staying in a seated position for severe periods of time can cause hemorrhoids, normally on the toilet.
  • Heavy lifting: Replicated lifting of heavy objects can guide hemorrhoids.
  • Anal intercourse: However, this can cause new hemorrhoids or poured existing ones.
  • Obesity: Diet-linked obesity can create hemorrhoids.
  • Genetics: Some people inherit a tendency to build hemorrhoids.


Anyone feeling the symptoms outlined above should contact a consultant. Bear in mind that other things, such as colorectal and anal cancers, can create rectal bleeding.

A consultant can convey out a physical test and perform other exams to decide whether or not hemorrhoids are attending. However, these exams may include a digital rectal exam. However, this is a manual examination by the medical consultant using a gloved, lubricated finger.

If symptoms include notable amounts of bleeding, dizziness, and a fainting sensation, the individual should look for emergency care straight away.


In severe cases, simple estimates will alleviate signs while hemorrhoids obtain better without treatment. However, medicines and even surgery may sometimes be required.

Home treatments

Symptoms can be controlled in the following options. However, they will not reduce the hemorrhoids:-

  • Topical creams and ointments: Over-the-counter creams or suppositories, which hold hydrocortisone, are accessible to buy online. Some pads hold witch hazel. Or a numbing agent that can be applied to the skin.
  • Ice packs and cold compresses: Appealing these to the caused area may support the swelling.
  • A sitz bath using warm water: A sitz bath is located over the toilet. Some pharmacies vend them, and they may manage the burning or itching symptoms.
  • Moist towelettes: Dry toilet paper may annoy the problem.
  • Analgesics: Some painkillers like aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen may diminish the pain and discomfort.


Severe hemorrhoid medicines are OTC. However, these may include ointments, pads, or suppositories. Energetic ingredients as hydrocortisone and witch hazel are familiar to manage itching and pain. Consultant with a consultant if these medicines do not show outcomes after a week of treatment

Nonsurgical treatment options

However, the severe familiar kind of nonsurgical hemorrhoid removal method is rubber band ligation. This is an outpatient method for internal hemorrhoids, where an elastic band is located on the base of hemorrhoid to cut off the blood donated. Hemorrhoids will either contract or fall off.

Another method is sclerotherapy, where a solution is inserted into internal hemorrhoid. This may build a scar that cuts off blood supply to hemorrhoid. Infrared photocoagulation and electrocoagulation are two other possible methods.


However, the risk of building hemorrhoids is greatly decreased when stools are kept soft. This can be effective in the following options:-

  • Nutrition: Eating plenty of foods wealthy in fiber, like fruits and vegetables, as well as overall grains, means stools will nearly always be soft. Similarly, drinking plenty of fluids supports retain stools soft.
  • Ignoring over-straining: When operating the toilet, try not to strain. However, this may create force in the veins in the lower rectum.
  • Going to the toilet when required: People should not wait if they require to use the toilet. The longer the wait, the parched the stools will be.
  • Physical activity: Sitting or standing still for long times puts force on the veins. Physical activity also supports stool move through the bowel, so bowel motions are severe regular.