Women Health

What are Fibroids? Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment.

What are Fibroids?

Fibroids are unusual development that builds in or on a woman’s uterus. Sometimes these tumors become quite bigger and cause much more abdominal pain and heavy periods. In other cases, they may create no signs and symptoms at all. However, the developments are normally benign or noncancerous. The cause of fibroids is unfamiliar.

Fibroids are also familiar by the following names:-

  • Leiomyomas
  • Myomas
  • Uterine myomas
  • Fibromas

According to the Office on Women’s Health, up to 80% of women have them by the age of 50. However, severe women do not have any signs and may never familiar they have fibroids.

What are the different types of fibroids?

However, the types of fibroid a woman builds are based on its location in or on the uterus.

Intramural fibroids

However, these are the severe familiar type of fibroid. These types seem within the muscular wall of the uterus. However, these may build greater and can stretch your womb.

Subserosal fibroids

However, these may form on the outside of your uterus, which is known as the serosa. They may build largely sufficient to make your womb seem larger on one side.

Pedunculated fibroids

However, subserosal tumors may build a stem, a slender base that helps the tumor. When they do, they are called pedunculated fibroids.

Submucosal fibroids

However, these types of tumors build in the middle muscle layer, or myometrium, of your uterus. Submucosal tumors are not as familiar as the other types.

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

Your symptoms will be based on the severity of tumors you have as well as their location and size. For example, submucosal fibroids may create heavy menstrual bleeding and trouble conceiving.

However, if your tumor is very small or you are moving through menopause, you may not have any signs. Fibroids may shrink throughout and after menopause. However, this is because women who go through menopause are experiencing a loss in their levels of estrogen and progesterone, hormones that absorb fibroid development.

However, some symptoms of fibroids may include:-

  • Heavy bleeding between or throughout your periods that includes blood clots.
  • Pain in the pelvis or lower back
  • Raised menstrual cramping
  • Raised urination
  • Pain throughout intercourse
  • Force or fullness in your lower abdomen
  • Swelling or enlargement of the abdomen

What causes fibroids?

However, it is invisible why fibroids build, but many factors may influence their formation.


Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones built by the ovaries. However, they cause the uterine lining to reproduce during each menstrual cycle and may absorb the development of fibroids.

Family history

Fibroids may move in the family. However, if your mother, sister, or grandmother has a history of this situation, you may build it as well.


Pregnancy raises the production of estrogen and progesterone in your body. Fibroids may build and raise rapidly while you are pregnant.

How are fibroids diagnosed?

For a proper diagnose, you will require to see a gynecologist get a pelvic exam. However, these tests useful to examine the situation, size, and shape of your uterus. You may also require other tests, which may include:-


An ultrasound takes greater-frequency sound waves to build images of your uterus on a screen. However, this will permit your health consultant to look at its internal structures and any fibroids present. A transvaginal ultrasound in which the ultrasound wand is injected into the vagina may give clearer images since it’s closer to the uterus throughout this method.

Pelvic MRI

However, this in-depth picturing test builds images of your uterus, ovaries, and other pelvic organs.

How are fibroids treated?

However, your health consultant will build a treatment plan depends on your age, the size of your fibroids, and your whole health. You may collect a combination of treatments.

Home remedies and natural treatments

However, certain home remedies and natural treatments can have a better effect on fibroids, including:-

  • Acupuncture
  • Yoga
  • Massage
  • Gui Zhi Fu Ling Tang (GFLT), an old Chinese medical formula
  • Appealing heat for cramps (ignore heat if you feel heavy bleeding)

Dietary changes can support as well. Ignore meats and high-calorie foods. Instead, opt for foods greater in flavonoids, green vegetables, green tea, and clod water fish like tuna or salmon.


Medications to manage your hormone levels may be advised to shrink fibroids.

Gonadotropin-freeing hormone (GnRH) agonists, like leuprolide (Lupron), will create your estrogen and progesterone levels to lose. However, this will eventually remove menstruation and shrink fibroids.

GnRH antagonists also support shrinking fibroids. However, they work by removing your body from building follicle-absorbing hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Some instances may include:-

  • Ganirelix acetate, an insertable drug
  • Cetrorelix acetate (Cetrotide), an insertable drug
  • Elagolix, which is attended in the oral drug Elagolix/estradiol/norethindrone acetate (Oriahnn)

Other steps that may support manage bleeding and pain, but won’t shrink or manage fibroids, include:-

  • An intrauterine device (IUD) that frees the hormone progestin
  • Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory pain relievers, like ibuprofen
  • Birth control pills


Surgery to stop very greatly or multiple developments may be performed. However, this is called a myomectomy. An abdominal myomectomy may involve building a large incision in the abdomen to entrances the uterus and stop the fibroids. However, the surgery can also be showed laparoscopically, taking a few small incisions into which surgical materials and a camera are injected. However, if your situation poor, or if no other cures work, your consultant may show a hysterectomy.