Common health issue

Gum Disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis): Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Preventive Cure.

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum, normally affected by a bacterial infection. However, if left untreated, it can become a severe sensible infection called periodontitis.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are the main causes of tooth mislaying in adults, according to the American Dental Association. Dental infection can add up with both your health and your wallet at a stick.

What are the symptoms of gingivitis and periodontitis?

Severe people are not conscious that they have gum disease. However, it is viable to have gum disease without any symptoms. However, the retuning can be symptoms of gum disease:-

  • Gums that are red, tender, or swollen
  • Gums that bleed when you sweep or floss your teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • A change in how your teeth fit jointly when you bite
  • Pus in the middle of  teeth and gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Partial dentures that no longer fit
  • Foul-smelling breath that doesn’t go away after you sweep your teeth

What causes gingivitis and periodontitis?

Your gums actually add to the teeth at a fewer points than the gum edges that we seek. However, this may build a small space known as a sulcus. Food and plaque can obtain trapped in this space and create a gum infection or gingivitis.

Plaque is a narrow film of bacteria. However, it constantly builds on the surface of your teeth. As plaque proceeds, it difficult and becomes tartar. You can build an infection when plaque expands below the gum line.

Left unexamined, gingivitis can create the gums to different from the teeth. However, this may cause injury to the soft tissue and bone helping the teeth. The tooth may become drop and unstable.

Risk factors for gingivitis and periodontitis

However, the following are risk factors for gingivitis and periodontitis:-

  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Diabetes
  • Ingesting certain medications like oral contraceptives, steroids, anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers, and chemotherapy.
  • Crooked teeth
  • Dental appliances that fit poorly
  • Pregnancy
  • Genetic factors
  • Compromised immunity like with HIV/AIDS

How is gum disease diagnosed?

During a dental test, your gums will be felt with a small ruler. However, this feeling s a way to examine for inflammation. It also estimates any pockets around your teeth. A general depth is 1 to 3 millimeters. Your dentist may also sequence X-rays to examine for bone loss.

Ask your dentist about risk factors for gum disease as well as your signs. However, this may support the diagnosis of your gingivitis. If gingivitis is attended, you may be mentioned to a periodontist. A periodontist is a dentist who concentrates on the treatment of gum diseases.

How is gum disease treated?

You must exercise proper oral hygiene to cure gingivitis. You should also put back on any smoking if you smoke and control your diabetes.

Washing teeth

However, many methods can be useful to deep wash your teeth without surgery. They all manage plaque and tarter to stop gum irritation:-

  • Scaling separates the tartar from above and below the gum line.
  • Root planing smooths rough spots and separates plaque and tartar from the root surface.
  • Lasers may separate tartar with less pain and bleeding than scaling and root planing.


Severe medications can be useful to cure gum disease:-

  • Antiseptic mouthwash holding chlorhexidine can be useful to disinfect the mouth.
  • Timed release antiseptic chips holding chlorhexidine can be injected into pockets after root planing.
  • Antibiotics microspheres built with minocycline can be injected into pockets after scaling and planning.
  • Oral antibiotics can be useful to cure persistent areas of gum inflammation.
  • Doxycycline, an antibiotic, may support keep enzymes from causing tooth damage.
  • Bone and tissue grafts can be useful when teeth and jaw are too harmed to manage.

How can gum disease be prevented?

However, proper and consistent oral hygiene can stop gum disease. This may include:-

  • Visiting the dentist regularly
  • Sweeping your teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste
  • Threading your teeth every day

Eating a balanced diet is also important to gaining and managing better dental health.

Health situations linked with gum disease

However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Study describe that periodontal disease is linked with a raised risk for:-

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Lung disease

However, lt also raises the risk of a woman giving birth to an untimely or low birth weight infant. Although gum disease is linked with these health situations, it has not been appeared to cause them. Severe research is required to decide the specifics of this association.