Common health issue

Eye Melanoma: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Procedures

Melanoma is a kind of cancer that builds in the cells that produce melanin, the pigment that supplies, your skin its color. Your eyes also have melanin-building cells and can build melanoma. Eye melanoma is also known as ocular melanoma.

However, severe eye melanomas build in the part of the eye you can not look at when seeking in a mirror. This builds eye melanoma hard to detect. In addition, eye melanoma normally does not cause early signs or symptoms.

Treatment is accessible for eye melanomas. Treatment cure for some small eye melanomas may not difficult with your vision. However, treatment cure for large eye melanomas normally causes some vision loss.


Eye melanoma may not create signs and symptoms. When they do happen, possible signs and symptoms of eye melanoma can include:-

  • A sensation of flashes or specks of dust in your vision (floaters)
  • Raising dark spot on the iris
  • A substitute in the shape of the dark circle (pupil) at the center of your eye
  • Poor or blurred vision in one eye
  • The drop of peripheral vision


However, it is not visible what causes eye melanoma.

A consultant knows that eye melanoma happens when errors build in the DNA of healthy eye cells. However, the DNA errors tell the cells to raise and multiply out of manage, so the mutated cells go on living when they would generally die. The muted cells absorb in the eye and build an eye melanoma.

Where eye melanoma occurs

Eye melanoma severe familiarly builds in the cells of the middle layer of your eye (uvea). The uvea has three types and each can be influenced by eye melanoma:-

  • The iris, Which is the colored type in the front of the eye.
  • The choroid layer, which is the layer of blood vessels and connective tissue in the middle of the sclera and the retina at the back of the uvea.
  • The ciliary body, which is in the front of the uvea and produces the transparent liquid (aqueous humor) into the eye.

However, eye melanoma may also happen on the outermost layer on the front of the eye (conjunctiva), in the socket that nearby the eyeball. And on the eyelid, though these kinds of eye melanoma are severely rare.


However, some complications of eye melanoma may include:-

  • Raising pressure within the eye: A increasing eye melanoma may create glaucoma. Signs and symptoms of glaucoma may incorporate eye pain and redness, as well as blurry vision.
  • Vision loss: Large eye melanomas often create vision loss in the caused eye and can cause complications, like retinal detachment, that also create vision loss. Small eye melanomas can create some vision loss if they happen in critical sites of the eye.
  • Eye melanoma that raises beyond the eye: Eye melanoma may increase outside of the eye and to distant sites of the body, such as the liver, lungs, and bones.


To diagnose eye melanoma, your health consultant may suggest:

  • Eye test: Your consultant will test the outside of your eye, seeking enlarged blood vessels that can show a tumor inside your eye. Then, with the support of instruments, your consultant will look inside your eye. One method, known as binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, takes lenses and a bright light mounted on your consultant’s forehead a bit like a miner’s lamp.
  • Eye ultrasound: An eye ultrasound takes greater-frequency sound waves from a hand-held, wandlike apparatus known as a transducer to give images of your eye. However, the transducer is located on your locked eyelid or the front surface of your eye.
  • Picturing of the blood vessels in and around the tumor: Throughout an angiogram of your eye, a colored dye is inserted into a vein in your arm. The dye moves to the blood vessels in your eye. A camera with special filters to examine the dye takes flash images every few seconds for much more minutes.
  • Optical coherence tomography: However, the picturing test generates pictures of portions of the uveal tract and retina.


However, your eye treatment methods are based on the location and size of the eye melanoma, as well as your whole health and your preferences.

Waiting to treat small eye melanoma

Small eye melanoma may not need an immediate cure. However, if the melanoma is small and is not increasing, you and your consultant may select to wait and watch for signs of development.

However, if the melanoma raises or creates complications, you may select to undergo treatment at that time.

Radiation therapy

However, it takes high-powered energy, like protons or gamma rays, to stop cancer cells. Radiation therapy is normally taken for small to medium-sized eye melanomas.

However, radiation therapy is normally transferred to the tumor by locating a radioactive plaque on your eye directly over the tumor in a method known as brachytherapy. The plaque is gripped in place with temporary stitches. The plaque seeks similar to a bottle cap and holds many radioactive seeds.

Laser treatment

Treatment that takes a laser to stop the melanoma cells may be a step in certain conditions. One kind of laser treatment,  known as thermotherapy, takes an infrared laser and is sometimes used in connection with radiation therapy.


Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by john liam