What are the Benefits and Risks of Vitamin A?

Vitamin A is a crucial vitamin that the body requires for growth and development. However, it also crucial for cell recognition, vision, immune function, and reproduction. Vitamin A also supports the heart, lungs, kidney, and other organs’ functions correctly.

Vitamin A deficiency is very rare in the United States. If this deficiency happens, it can lead to eye disorders, including night blindness.


Vitamin A may occur in divergent forms. The list below will give more details.

  • Executed vitamin A occurs in meat, fish, and dairy products.
  • Provitamin A is attending in fruits, vegetables, and other plant-based products.
  • Retinol is the major vital form of vitamin A in the blood. Retinyl palmitate is the storage form of the vitamin.
  • Beta-carotene is a provitamin form of vitamin A that may occur in plants especially dark-colored fruits and vegetables and oily fruits.


Vitamin A gives to various bodily functions and supports prevent a range of problems, including:-

  • Night blindness
  • Some infections, especially in the throat, chest, and abdomen
  • Follicular hyperkeratosis, which can guide to dry, bumpy skin
  • Fertility issues
  • Delayed growth in children

Consuming a proper amount of vitamin A may have the following benefits.

Lower cancer risk

However, some experts have looked at whether or not adequate consumptions of carotenoids can support decrease the risk of lung, prostate, and other types of cancer.

Healthful skin and hair

Vitamin A is more important in the increase of all bodily tissues, including skin and hair. However, it describes the production of sebum, which is the oil that supports maintain levels of moisture in the skin and hair.

Food sources

However, the form of vitamin A will be based on the source. For instance, ready-made retinol, which is a vital form of vitamin A. However, plant-based food holds carotenoids, which are antioxidant forms of vitamin A. The body transfers these into retinol as it needs. Carotenoid is an orange pigment that donates to the color of certain fruits and vegetables. Fruit and vegetable sources that are wealthy in carotenoids are often orange. They may include:-

  • Pumpkin
  • Carrots
  • Squash
  • Sweet potato
  • Red peppers
  • Cantaloupe
  • Apricot
  • Mango

Plant food that is wealthy in beta-carotene include dark green leafy vegetables, including:-

  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Turnip greens

Who is at risky of deficiency?

Those at greatest risk of deficiency may include:-

  • Preterm infant
  • Infants and children in building countries
  • Pregnant and lactating people in building countries
  • People with cystic fibrosis

Most people who take the weight loss drug orlistat may have a greater risk of deficiency. Orlistat decreases the body’s ability to absorb fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A. Vitamin A supplements are accessible for those whose bodies have difficulty captivating the nutrient, but it is best to meet requirements through food, where possible.

This is because the use of vitamin A supplements veils possible deficiencies of other nutrients. However, this may lead to further health problems.


Executed vitamin A can be toxic when people consume severe, either through their diet or through supplementation. However, the upper intake level of vitamin A supplements differs by age. The upper intake level is the amount above which vitamin A ingest may be toxic.

The list below details the upper intake levels for executed vitamin A by age.

  • Up to 3 years: 600 mcg per day
  • 4 to 8 years: 900 mcg per day
  • 9 to 13 years: 1700 mcg per day
  • 14 to 18 years: 2800 mcg per day
  • 19+ years: 3000 mcg per day

However, it does not seem that a person can consume too much beta-carotene, as the body will transfer it into vitamin A as necessary.

Vitamin A toxicity

That said, consuming severely executed vitamin A can lead to vitamin A toxicity or hypervitaminosis. However, symptoms may include:-

  • Changes in skin color
  • Cracked skin on the fingers
  • Psoriasis
  • Allergy contact dermatitis
  • Ectropion, which impacts the skins around the eyes
  • Dry lips, mouth, and nose, which can raise the risk of infection
  • Decreased sebum production

Permanent overuse can lead to:-

  • Changes in bone formation
  • High cholesterol level
  • Liver damage
  • Nervous system changes leading to headaches, nausea, and vomiting

During the pregnancy period, consuming severe retinol can raise the risk of an infant being born with:-

  • Heart problems
  • Microcephaly
  • Hydrocephalus, or water on the brain
  • Issues with the thymus gland, which produces white blood cells

What are the Benefits and Risks of Vitamin A?

Last Updated on October 11, 2023 by anup